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Basic.profile.json

FHIR Infrastructure Work GroupMaturity Level: N/ABallot Status: InformativeCompartments: Patient, Practitioner, RelatedPerson

Raw JSON (каноническая форма + also see JSON Format Specification)

StructureDefinition for basic

{
  "resourceType" : "StructureDefinition",
  "id" : "Basic",
  "meta" : {
    "lastUpdated" : "2019-05-17T12:34:53.932+00:00"
  },
  "text" : {
    "status" : "generated",
    "div" : "<div>!-- Snipped for Brevity --></div>"
  },
  "extension" : [{
    "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-standards-status",
    "valueCode" : "trial-use"
  },
  {
    "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fmm",
    "valueInteger" : 1
  },
  {
    "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-security-category",
    "valueCode" : "not-classified"
  },
  {
    "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-wg",
    "valueCode" : "fhir"
  }],
  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Basic",
  "version" : "3.6.0",
  "name" : "Basic",
  "status" : "draft",
  "date" : "2019-05-17T12:34:53+00:00",
  "publisher" : "Health Level Seven International (FHIR Infrastructure)",
  "contact" : [{
    "telecom" : [{
      "system" : "url",
      "value" : "http://hl7.org/fhir"
    }]
  },
  {
    "telecom" : [{
      "system" : "url",
      "value" : "http://www.hl7.org/Special/committees/fiwg/index.cfm"
    }]
  }],
  "description" : "Basic is used for handling concepts not yet defined in FHIR, narrative-only resources that don't map to an existing resource, and custom resources not appropriate for inclusion in the FHIR specification.",
  "purpose" : "Need some way to safely (without breaking interoperability) allow implementers to exchange content not supported by the initial set of declared resources.",
  "fhirVersion" : "3.6.0",
  "mapping" : [{
    "identity" : "rim",
    "uri" : "http://hl7.org/v3",
    "name" : "RIM Mapping"
  },
  {
    "identity" : "w5",
    "uri" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/fivews",
    "name" : "FiveWs Pattern"
  }],
  "kind" : "resource",
  "abstract" : false,
  "type" : "Basic",
  "baseDefinition" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/DomainResource",
  "derivation" : "specialization",
  "snapshot" : {
    "element" : [{
      "id" : "Basic",
      "path" : "Basic",
      "short" : "Resource for non-supported content",
      "definition" : "Basic is used for handling concepts not yet defined in FHIR, narrative-only resources that don't map to an existing resource, and custom resources not appropriate for inclusion in the FHIR specification.",
      "alias" : ["Z-resource",
      "Extension-resource",
      "Custom-resource"],
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "*",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "Basic",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "*"
      },
      "constraint" : [{
        "key" : "dom-2",
        "severity" : "error",
        "human" : "Если ресурс встроен в другой ресурс, он НЕ ДОЛЖЕН содержать описательной части",
        "expression" : "contained.contained.empty()",
        "xpath" : "not(parent::f:contained and f:contained)",
        "source" : "DomainResource"
      },
      {
        "key" : "dom-4",
        "severity" : "error",
        "human" : "Если ресурс встроен в другой ресурс, он НЕ ДОЛЖЕН иметь meta.versionId или meta.lastUpdated",
        "expression" : "contained.meta.versionId.empty() and contained.meta.lastUpdated.empty()",
        "xpath" : "not(exists(f:contained/*/f:meta/f:versionId)) and not(exists(f:contained/*/f:meta/f:lastUpdated))",
        "source" : "DomainResource"
      },
      {
        "key" : "dom-3",
        "severity" : "error",
        "human" : "Если ресурс встроен в другой ресурс, где-то в родительском ресурсе на него ДОЛЖНА БЫТЬ дана ссылка or SHALL refer to the containing resource",
        "expression" : "contained.where((('#'+id in (%resource.descendants().reference | %resource.descendants().as(canonical) | %resource.descendants().as(uri) | %resource.descendants().as(url))) or descendants().where(reference = '#').exists() or descendants().where(as(canonical) = '#').exists() or descendants().where(as(canonical) = '#').exists()).not()).trace('unmatched', id).empty()",
        "xpath" : "not(exists(for $contained in f:contained return $contained[not(parent::*/descendant::f:reference/@value=concat('#', $contained/*/id/@value) or descendant::f:reference[@value='#'])]))",
        "source" : "DomainResource"
      },
      {
        "extension" : [{
          "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bestpractice",
          "valueBoolean" : true
        },
        {
          "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bestpractice-explanation",
          "valueMarkdown" : "When a resource has no narrative, only systems that fully understand the data can display the resource to a human safely. Including a human readable representation in the resource makes for a much more robust eco-system and cheaper handling of resources by intermediary systems. Some ecosystems restrict distribution of resources to only those systems that do fully understand the resources, and as a consequence implementers may believe that the narrative is superfluous. However experience shows that such eco-systems often open up to new participants over time."
        }],
        "key" : "dom-6",
        "severity" : "warning",
        "human" : "A resource should have narrative for robust management",
        "expression" : "text.div.exists()",
        "xpath" : "exists(f:text/h:div)",
        "source" : "DomainResource"
      },
      {
        "key" : "dom-5",
        "severity" : "error",
        "human" : "If a resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT have a security label",
        "expression" : "contained.meta.security.empty()",
        "xpath" : "not(exists(f:contained/*/f:meta/f:security))",
        "source" : "DomainResource"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : false,
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "rim",
        "map" : "Entity. Role, or Act"
      },
      {
        "identity" : "rim",
        "map" : "Act, Entity or Role"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "Basic.id",
      "path" : "Basic.id",
      "short" : "Logical id of this artifact",
      "definition" : "The logical id of the resource, as used in the URL for the resource. Once assigned, this value never changes.",
      "comment" : "The only time that a resource does not have an id is when it is being submitted to the server using a create operation.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "Resource.id",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "id"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : true
    },
    {
      "id" : "Basic.meta",
      "path" : "Basic.meta",
      "short" : "Метаданные ресурса",
      "definition" : "Метаданные ресурса. Это такая информация, которая поддерживается инфраструктурой. Изменения этой информации не всегда можно ассоциировать с версионными изменениями ресурса.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "Resource.meta",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "Meta"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : true
    },
    {
      "id" : "Basic.implicitRules",
      "path" : "Basic.implicitRules",
      "short" : "Свод правил, в соответствии с которыми создавалось это содержимое",
      "definition" : "Ссылка на свод правил, которым следовали при создании этого ресурса и которые необходимо понимать при обработке этого содержимого. Often, this is a reference to an implementation guide that defines the special rules along with other profiles etc.",
      "comment" : "Asserting this rule set restricts the content to be only understood by a limited set of trading partners. This inherently limits the usefulness of the data in the long term. However, the existing health eco-system is highly fractured, and not yet ready to define, collect, and exchange data in a generally computable sense. Wherever possible, implementers and/or specification writers should avoid using this element. Often, when used, the URL is a reference to an implementation guide that defines these special rules as part of it's narrative along with other profiles, value sets, etc.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "Resource.implicitRules",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "uri"
      }],
      "isModifier" : true,
      "isModifierReason" : "This element is labeled as a modifier because the implicit rules may provide additional knowledge about the resource that modifies it's meaning or interpretation",
      "isSummary" : true
    },
    {
      "id" : "Basic.language",
      "path" : "Basic.language",
      "short" : "Язык содержимого ресурса",
      "definition" : "Основной язык, на котором написан ресурс.",
      "comment" : "Язык указывается для поддержки предварительной обработки текстов и доступности для понимания (например при преобразовании текста в речь используется языковой тег). HTML-тег language в описательной части применяется к этой описательной части. Языковой тег ресурса может использоваться для указания языков других представлений, генерируемых из данных ресурса\n\nНе все содержание ресурса должно быть на указанном основном языке. Resource.language нельзя автоматически принимать за язык описательной части. Если язык указан, его также следует указать в элементе div в HTML (информацию о связи между xml:lang и HTML-атрибутом lang см. в правилах HTML5).",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "Resource.language",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "code"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : false,
      "binding" : {
        "extension" : [{
          "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-maxValueSet",
          "valueCanonical" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/all-languages"
        },
        {
          "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName",
          "valueString" : "Language"
        },
        {
          "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-isCommonBinding",
          "valueBoolean" : true
        }],
        "strength" : "preferred",
        "description" : "Естественный язык.",
        "valueSet" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/languages"
      }
    },
    {
      "id" : "Basic.text",
      "path" : "Basic.text",
      "short" : "Краткое текстовое изложение ресурса для интерпретации человеком",
      "definition" : "Человекочитаемая описательная часть, содержащая краткое изложение ресурса, которая может использоваться для представления содержимого ресурса человеку. От описательной части не требуется кодировать все структурированные данные, но она должна содержать достаточно сведений, чтобы простое её прочтение человеком было \"клинически безопасным\". Определения ресурсов могут описывать, какое содержимое должно быть представлено в описательной части для обеспечения клинической безопасной.",
      "comment" : "Contained resources do not have narrative. Resources that are not contained SHOULD have a narrative. In some cases, a resource may only have text with little or no additional discrete data (as long as all minOccurs=1 elements are satisfied).  This may be necessary for data from legacy systems where information is captured as a \"text blob\" or where text is additionally entered raw or narrated and encoded information is added later.",
      "alias" : ["narrative",
      "html",
      "xhtml",
      "display"],
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "DomainResource.text",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "Narrative"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : false,
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "rim",
        "map" : "Act.text?"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "Basic.contained",
      "path" : "Basic.contained",
      "short" : "Вложенные, встроенные инлайн ресурсы",
      "definition" : "Эти ресурсы не обладают независимым существованием вне ресурса, который их содержит - их нельзя идентифицировать независимо, и они не могут иметь своей собственной независимой транзакционной области действия.",
      "comment" : "Этого не следует делать, когда содержимое может быть идентифицировано должным образом, поскольку, потеряв идентификацию, будет чрезвычайно сложно (и контекстно-зависимо) снова восстановить её. Contained resources may have profiles and tags In their meta elements, but SHALL NOT have security labels.",
      "alias" : ["inline resources",
      "anonymous resources",
      "contained resources"],
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "*",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "DomainResource.contained",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "*"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "Resource"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : false,
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "rim",
        "map" : "N/A"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "Basic.extension",
      "path" : "Basic.extension",
      "short" : "Дополнительное содержимое, определенное реализаторами",
      "definition" : "Может использоваться для представления дополнительной информации, не являющейся частью базового определения ресурса. Чтобы сделать использование расширений надежным и управляемым, существует строгий набор управления применительно к определению и использованию расширений. Хотя каждому реализатору разрешается определять расширения, имеется набор требований, которые должны выполняться в рамках определения расширения.",
      "comment" : "Не должно быть никаких предрассудков по использованию расширений любыми приложениями, проектами или стандартами - вне зависимости от учреждения или юрисдикции, которые используют или задают расширение. Именно использование расширений позволяет спецификации FHIR сохранять простоту для всех.",
      "alias" : ["extensions",
      "user content"],
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "*",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "DomainResource.extension",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "*"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "Extension"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : false,
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "rim",
        "map" : "N/A"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "Basic.modifierExtension",
      "path" : "Basic.modifierExtension",
      "short" : "Расширения, которые нельзя игнорировать",
      "definition" : "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the resource, and that modifies the understanding of the element that contains it. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.\n\nModifier extensions SHALL NOT change the meaning of any elements on Resource or DomainResource (including cannot change the meaning of modifierExtension itself).",
      "comment" : "Не должно быть никаких предрассудков по использованию расширений любыми приложениями, проектами или стандартами - вне зависимости от учреждения или юрисдикции, которые используют или задают расширение. Именно использование расширений позволяет спецификации FHIR сохранять простоту для всех.",
      "alias" : ["extensions",
      "user content"],
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "*",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "DomainResource.modifierExtension",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "*"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "Extension"
      }],
      "isModifier" : true,
      "isModifierReason" : "Modifier extensions are expected to modify the meaning or interpretation of the resource that contains them",
      "isSummary" : false,
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "rim",
        "map" : "N/A"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "Basic.identifier",
      "path" : "Basic.identifier",
      "short" : "Business identifier",
      "definition" : "Identifier assigned to the resource for business purposes, outside the context of FHIR.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "*",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "Basic.identifier",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "*"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "Identifier"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : true,
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "w5",
        "map" : "FiveWs.identifier"
      },
      {
        "identity" : "rim",
        "map" : "./identifier"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "Basic.code",
      "path" : "Basic.code",
      "short" : "Kind of Resource",
      "definition" : "Identifies the 'type' of resource - equivalent to the resource name for other resources.",
      "comment" : "Because resource references will only be able to indicate 'Basic', the type of reference will need to be specified in a Profile identified as part of the resource.  Refer to the resource notes section for information on appropriate terminologies for this code.\n\nThis element is labeled as a modifier because it defines the meaning of the resource and cannot be ignored.",
      "requirements" : "Must be able to distinguish different types of Basic resources.",
      "min" : 1,
      "max" : "1",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "Basic.code",
        "min" : 1,
        "max" : "1"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "CodeableConcept"
      }],
      "isModifier" : true,
      "isModifierReason" : "This element determines what kind of resource is being represented which drives the meaning of all of the other elements.",
      "isSummary" : true,
      "binding" : {
        "extension" : [{
          "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName",
          "valueString" : "BasicResourceType"
        }],
        "strength" : "example",
        "description" : "Codes for identifying types of resources not yet defined by FHIR.",
        "valueSet" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/basic-resource-type"
      },
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "w5",
        "map" : "FiveWs.what[x]"
      },
      {
        "identity" : "rim",
        "map" : "./code"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "Basic.subject",
      "path" : "Basic.subject",
      "short" : "Identifies the focus of this resource",
      "definition" : "Identifies the patient, practitioner, device or any other resource that is the \"focus\" of this resource.",
      "comment" : "Optional as not all potential resources will have subjects.  Resources associated with multiple subjects can handle this via extension.",
      "requirements" : "Needed for partitioning the resource by Patient.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "Basic.subject",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "Reference",
        "targetProfile" : ["http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Resource"]
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : true,
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "w5",
        "map" : "FiveWs.subject[x]"
      },
      {
        "identity" : "rim",
        "map" : "./participation[typeCode='SBJ'] (possibly through a ControlAct and Role)"
      },
      {
        "identity" : "w5",
        "map" : "FiveWs.subject"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "Basic.created",
      "path" : "Basic.created",
      "short" : "When created",
      "definition" : "Identifies when the resource was first created.",
      "requirements" : "Allows ordering resource instances by time.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "Basic.created",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "date"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : true,
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "w5",
        "map" : "FiveWs.recorded"
      },
      {
        "identity" : "rim",
        "map" : "./participation[typeCode='AUT']/time (possibly through a ControlAct and Role)"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "Basic.author",
      "path" : "Basic.author",
      "short" : "Who created",
      "definition" : "Indicates who was responsible for creating the resource instance.",
      "requirements" : "Needed for partitioning the resource.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "Basic.author",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "Reference",
        "targetProfile" : ["http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Practitioner",
        "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Patient",
        "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/RelatedPerson",
        "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Organization"]
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : true,
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "w5",
        "map" : "FiveWs.author"
      },
      {
        "identity" : "rim",
        "map" : "./participation[typeCode='SUB'] (possibly through a ControlAct and Role)"
      }]
    }]
  },
  "differential" : {
    "element" : [{
      "id" : "Basic",
      "path" : "Basic",
      "short" : "Resource for non-supported content",
      "definition" : "Basic is used for handling concepts not yet defined in FHIR, narrative-only resources that don't map to an existing resource, and custom resources not appropriate for inclusion in the FHIR specification.",
      "alias" : ["Z-resource",
      "Extension-resource",
      "Custom-resource"],
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "*",
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "rim",
        "map" : "Act, Entity or Role"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "Basic.identifier",
      "path" : "Basic.identifier",
      "short" : "Business identifier",
      "definition" : "Identifier assigned to the resource for business purposes, outside the context of FHIR.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "*",
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "Identifier"
      }],
      "isSummary" : true,
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "w5",
        "map" : "FiveWs.identifier"
      },
      {
        "identity" : "rim",
        "map" : "./identifier"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "Basic.code",
      "path" : "Basic.code",
      "short" : "Kind of Resource",
      "definition" : "Identifies the 'type' of resource - equivalent to the resource name for other resources.",
      "comment" : "Because resource references will only be able to indicate 'Basic', the type of reference will need to be specified in a Profile identified as part of the resource.  Refer to the resource notes section for information on appropriate terminologies for this code.\n\nThis element is labeled as a modifier because it defines the meaning of the resource and cannot be ignored.",
      "requirements" : "Must be able to distinguish different types of Basic resources.",
      "min" : 1,
      "max" : "1",
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "CodeableConcept"
      }],
      "isModifier" : true,
      "isModifierReason" : "This element determines what kind of resource is being represented which drives the meaning of all of the other elements.",
      "isSummary" : true,
      "binding" : {
        "extension" : [{
          "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName",
          "valueString" : "BasicResourceType"
        }],
        "strength" : "example",
        "description" : "Codes for identifying types of resources not yet defined by FHIR.",
        "valueSet" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/basic-resource-type"
      },
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "w5",
        "map" : "FiveWs.what[x]"
      },
      {
        "identity" : "rim",
        "map" : "./code"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "Basic.subject",
      "path" : "Basic.subject",
      "short" : "Identifies the focus of this resource",
      "definition" : "Identifies the patient, practitioner, device or any other resource that is the \"focus\" of this resource.",
      "comment" : "Optional as not all potential resources will have subjects.  Resources associated with multiple subjects can handle this via extension.",
      "requirements" : "Needed for partitioning the resource by Patient.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "Reference",
        "targetProfile" : ["http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Resource"]
      }],
      "isSummary" : true,
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "w5",
        "map" : "FiveWs.subject[x]"
      },
      {
        "identity" : "rim",
        "map" : "./participation[typeCode='SBJ'] (possibly through a ControlAct and Role)"
      },
      {
        "identity" : "w5",
        "map" : "FiveWs.subject"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "Basic.created",
      "path" : "Basic.created",
      "short" : "When created",
      "definition" : "Identifies when the resource was first created.",
      "requirements" : "Allows ordering resource instances by time.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "date"
      }],
      "isSummary" : true,
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "w5",
        "map" : "FiveWs.recorded"
      },
      {
        "identity" : "rim",
        "map" : "./participation[typeCode='AUT']/time (possibly through a ControlAct and Role)"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "Basic.author",
      "path" : "Basic.author",
      "short" : "Who created",
      "definition" : "Indicates who was responsible for creating the resource instance.",
      "requirements" : "Needed for partitioning the resource.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "Reference",
        "targetProfile" : ["http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Practitioner",
        "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Patient",
        "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/RelatedPerson",
        "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Organization"]
      }],
      "isSummary" : true,
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "w5",
        "map" : "FiveWs.author"
      },
      {
        "identity" : "rim",
        "map" : "./participation[typeCode='SUB'] (possibly through a ControlAct and Role)"
      }]
    }]
  }
}

Примечание к использованию: мы очень стараемся приводить корректные и полезные примеры, но нормативно они не являются частью спецификации.