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Researchelementdefinition.profile.json

Clinical Decision Support Work GroupMaturity Level: N/ABallot Status: InformativeCompartments: Not linked to any defined compartments

Raw JSON (каноническая форма + also see JSON Format Specification)

StructureDefinition for researchelementdefinition

{
  "resourceType" : "StructureDefinition",
  "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition",
  "meta" : {
    "lastUpdated" : "2019-05-17T12:34:53.932+00:00"
  },
  "text" : {
    "status" : "generated",
    "div" : "<div>!-- Snipped for Brevity --></div>"
  },
  "extension" : [{
    "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-standards-status",
    "valueCode" : "trial-use"
  },
  {
    "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-fmm",
    "valueInteger" : 0
  },
  {
    "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-security-category",
    "valueCode" : "business"
  },
  {
    "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-wg",
    "valueCode" : "cds"
  }],
  "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/ResearchElementDefinition",
  "version" : "3.6.0",
  "name" : "ResearchElementDefinition",
  "status" : "draft",
  "date" : "2019-05-17T12:34:53+00:00",
  "publisher" : "Health Level Seven International (Clinical Decision Support)",
  "contact" : [{
    "telecom" : [{
      "system" : "url",
      "value" : "http://hl7.org/fhir"
    }]
  },
  {
    "telecom" : [{
      "system" : "url",
      "value" : "http://www.hl7.org/Special/committees/dss/index.cfm"
    }]
  }],
  "description" : "The ResearchElementDefinition resource describes a \"PICO\" element that knowledge (evidence, assertion, recommendation) is about.",
  "purpose" : "Need to be able to define and reuse the definition of individual elements of a research question.",
  "fhirVersion" : "3.6.0",
  "mapping" : [{
    "identity" : "workflow",
    "uri" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/workflow",
    "name" : "Workflow Pattern"
  },
  {
    "identity" : "w5",
    "uri" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/fivews",
    "name" : "FiveWs Pattern"
  },
  {
    "identity" : "objimpl",
    "uri" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/object-implementation",
    "name" : "Object Implementation Information"
  },
  {
    "identity" : "rim",
    "uri" : "http://hl7.org/v3",
    "name" : "RIM Mapping"
  }],
  "kind" : "resource",
  "abstract" : false,
  "type" : "ResearchElementDefinition",
  "baseDefinition" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/DomainResource",
  "_baseDefinition" : {
    "extension" : [{
      "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/structuredefinition-codegen-super",
      "valueString" : "MetadataResource"
    }]
  },
  "derivation" : "specialization",
  "snapshot" : {
    "element" : [{
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition",
      "short" : "A population, intervention, or exposure definition",
      "definition" : "The ResearchElementDefinition resource describes a \"PICO\" element that knowledge (evidence, assertion, recommendation) is about.",
      "comment" : "PICO stands for Population (the population within which exposures are being compared), Intervention (the conditional state or exposure state being described for its effect on outcomes), Comparison (the alternative conditional state or alternative exposure state being compared against), and Outcome (the result or effect of the intervention in the population).",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "*",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "*"
      },
      "constraint" : [{
        "key" : "dom-2",
        "severity" : "error",
        "human" : "Если ресурс встроен в другой ресурс, он НЕ ДОЛЖЕН содержать описательной части",
        "expression" : "contained.contained.empty()",
        "xpath" : "not(parent::f:contained and f:contained)",
        "source" : "DomainResource"
      },
      {
        "key" : "dom-4",
        "severity" : "error",
        "human" : "Если ресурс встроен в другой ресурс, он НЕ ДОЛЖЕН иметь meta.versionId или meta.lastUpdated",
        "expression" : "contained.meta.versionId.empty() and contained.meta.lastUpdated.empty()",
        "xpath" : "not(exists(f:contained/*/f:meta/f:versionId)) and not(exists(f:contained/*/f:meta/f:lastUpdated))",
        "source" : "DomainResource"
      },
      {
        "key" : "dom-3",
        "severity" : "error",
        "human" : "Если ресурс встроен в другой ресурс, где-то в родительском ресурсе на него ДОЛЖНА БЫТЬ дана ссылка or SHALL refer to the containing resource",
        "expression" : "contained.where((('#'+id in (%resource.descendants().reference | %resource.descendants().as(canonical) | %resource.descendants().as(uri) | %resource.descendants().as(url))) or descendants().where(reference = '#').exists() or descendants().where(as(canonical) = '#').exists() or descendants().where(as(canonical) = '#').exists()).not()).trace('unmatched', id).empty()",
        "xpath" : "not(exists(for $contained in f:contained return $contained[not(parent::*/descendant::f:reference/@value=concat('#', $contained/*/id/@value) or descendant::f:reference[@value='#'])]))",
        "source" : "DomainResource"
      },
      {
        "extension" : [{
          "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bestpractice",
          "valueBoolean" : true
        },
        {
          "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bestpractice-explanation",
          "valueMarkdown" : "When a resource has no narrative, only systems that fully understand the data can display the resource to a human safely. Including a human readable representation in the resource makes for a much more robust eco-system and cheaper handling of resources by intermediary systems. Some ecosystems restrict distribution of resources to only those systems that do fully understand the resources, and as a consequence implementers may believe that the narrative is superfluous. However experience shows that such eco-systems often open up to new participants over time."
        }],
        "key" : "dom-6",
        "severity" : "warning",
        "human" : "A resource should have narrative for robust management",
        "expression" : "text.div.exists()",
        "xpath" : "exists(f:text/h:div)",
        "source" : "DomainResource"
      },
      {
        "key" : "dom-5",
        "severity" : "error",
        "human" : "If a resource is contained in another resource, it SHALL NOT have a security label",
        "expression" : "contained.meta.security.empty()",
        "xpath" : "not(exists(f:contained/*/f:meta/f:security))",
        "source" : "DomainResource"
      },
      {
        "key" : "red-0",
        "severity" : "warning",
        "human" : "Name should be usable as an identifier for the module by machine processing applications such as code generation",
        "expression" : "name.matches('[A-Z]([A-Za-z0-9_]){0,254}')",
        "xpath" : "not(exists(f:name/@value)) or matches(f:name/@value, '[A-Z]([A-Za-z0-9_]){0,254}')"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : false,
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "rim",
        "map" : "Entity. Role, or Act"
      },
      {
        "identity" : "workflow",
        "map" : "Definition"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.id",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.id",
      "short" : "Logical id of this artifact",
      "definition" : "The logical id of the resource, as used in the URL for the resource. Once assigned, this value never changes.",
      "comment" : "The only time that a resource does not have an id is when it is being submitted to the server using a create operation.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "Resource.id",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "id"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : true
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.meta",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.meta",
      "short" : "Метаданные ресурса",
      "definition" : "Метаданные ресурса. Это такая информация, которая поддерживается инфраструктурой. Изменения этой информации не всегда можно ассоциировать с версионными изменениями ресурса.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "Resource.meta",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "Meta"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : true
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.implicitRules",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.implicitRules",
      "short" : "Свод правил, в соответствии с которыми создавалось это содержимое",
      "definition" : "Ссылка на свод правил, которым следовали при создании этого ресурса и которые необходимо понимать при обработке этого содержимого. Often, this is a reference to an implementation guide that defines the special rules along with other profiles etc.",
      "comment" : "Asserting this rule set restricts the content to be only understood by a limited set of trading partners. This inherently limits the usefulness of the data in the long term. However, the existing health eco-system is highly fractured, and not yet ready to define, collect, and exchange data in a generally computable sense. Wherever possible, implementers and/or specification writers should avoid using this element. Often, when used, the URL is a reference to an implementation guide that defines these special rules as part of it's narrative along with other profiles, value sets, etc.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "Resource.implicitRules",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "uri"
      }],
      "isModifier" : true,
      "isModifierReason" : "This element is labeled as a modifier because the implicit rules may provide additional knowledge about the resource that modifies it's meaning or interpretation",
      "isSummary" : true
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.language",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.language",
      "short" : "Язык содержимого ресурса",
      "definition" : "Основной язык, на котором написан ресурс.",
      "comment" : "Язык указывается для поддержки предварительной обработки текстов и доступности для понимания (например при преобразовании текста в речь используется языковой тег). HTML-тег language в описательной части применяется к этой описательной части. Языковой тег ресурса может использоваться для указания языков других представлений, генерируемых из данных ресурса\n\nНе все содержание ресурса должно быть на указанном основном языке. Resource.language нельзя автоматически принимать за язык описательной части. Если язык указан, его также следует указать в элементе div в HTML (информацию о связи между xml:lang и HTML-атрибутом lang см. в правилах HTML5).",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "Resource.language",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "code"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : false,
      "binding" : {
        "extension" : [{
          "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-maxValueSet",
          "valueCanonical" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/all-languages"
        },
        {
          "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName",
          "valueString" : "Language"
        },
        {
          "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-isCommonBinding",
          "valueBoolean" : true
        }],
        "strength" : "preferred",
        "description" : "Естественный язык.",
        "valueSet" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/languages"
      }
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.text",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.text",
      "short" : "Краткое текстовое изложение ресурса для интерпретации человеком",
      "definition" : "Человекочитаемая описательная часть, содержащая краткое изложение ресурса, которая может использоваться для представления содержимого ресурса человеку. От описательной части не требуется кодировать все структурированные данные, но она должна содержать достаточно сведений, чтобы простое её прочтение человеком было \"клинически безопасным\". Определения ресурсов могут описывать, какое содержимое должно быть представлено в описательной части для обеспечения клинической безопасной.",
      "comment" : "Contained resources do not have narrative. Resources that are not contained SHOULD have a narrative. In some cases, a resource may only have text with little or no additional discrete data (as long as all minOccurs=1 elements are satisfied).  This may be necessary for data from legacy systems where information is captured as a \"text blob\" or where text is additionally entered raw or narrated and encoded information is added later.",
      "alias" : ["narrative",
      "html",
      "xhtml",
      "display"],
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "DomainResource.text",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "Narrative"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : false,
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "rim",
        "map" : "Act.text?"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.contained",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.contained",
      "short" : "Вложенные, встроенные инлайн ресурсы",
      "definition" : "Эти ресурсы не обладают независимым существованием вне ресурса, который их содержит - их нельзя идентифицировать независимо, и они не могут иметь своей собственной независимой транзакционной области действия.",
      "comment" : "Этого не следует делать, когда содержимое может быть идентифицировано должным образом, поскольку, потеряв идентификацию, будет чрезвычайно сложно (и контекстно-зависимо) снова восстановить её. Contained resources may have profiles and tags In their meta elements, but SHALL NOT have security labels.",
      "alias" : ["inline resources",
      "anonymous resources",
      "contained resources"],
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "*",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "DomainResource.contained",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "*"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "Resource"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : false,
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "rim",
        "map" : "N/A"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.extension",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.extension",
      "short" : "Дополнительное содержимое, определенное реализаторами",
      "definition" : "Может использоваться для представления дополнительной информации, не являющейся частью базового определения ресурса. Чтобы сделать использование расширений надежным и управляемым, существует строгий набор управления применительно к определению и использованию расширений. Хотя каждому реализатору разрешается определять расширения, имеется набор требований, которые должны выполняться в рамках определения расширения.",
      "comment" : "Не должно быть никаких предрассудков по использованию расширений любыми приложениями, проектами или стандартами - вне зависимости от учреждения или юрисдикции, которые используют или задают расширение. Именно использование расширений позволяет спецификации FHIR сохранять простоту для всех.",
      "alias" : ["extensions",
      "user content"],
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "*",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "DomainResource.extension",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "*"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "Extension"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : false,
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "rim",
        "map" : "N/A"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.modifierExtension",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.modifierExtension",
      "short" : "Расширения, которые нельзя игнорировать",
      "definition" : "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the resource, and that modifies the understanding of the element that contains it. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer is allowed to define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.\n\nModifier extensions SHALL NOT change the meaning of any elements on Resource or DomainResource (including cannot change the meaning of modifierExtension itself).",
      "comment" : "Не должно быть никаких предрассудков по использованию расширений любыми приложениями, проектами или стандартами - вне зависимости от учреждения или юрисдикции, которые используют или задают расширение. Именно использование расширений позволяет спецификации FHIR сохранять простоту для всех.",
      "alias" : ["extensions",
      "user content"],
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "*",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "DomainResource.modifierExtension",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "*"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "Extension"
      }],
      "isModifier" : true,
      "isModifierReason" : "Modifier extensions are expected to modify the meaning or interpretation of the resource that contains them",
      "isSummary" : false,
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "rim",
        "map" : "N/A"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.url",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.url",
      "short" : "Canonical identifier for this research element definition, represented as a URI (globally unique)",
      "definition" : "An absolute URI that is used to identify this research element definition when it is referenced in a specification, model, design or an instance; also called its canonical identifier. This SHOULD be globally unique and SHOULD be a literal address at which at which an authoritative instance of this research element definition is (or will be) published. This URL can be the target of a canonical reference. It SHALL remain the same when the research element definition is stored on different servers.",
      "comment" : "Can be a urn:uuid: or a urn:oid: but real http: addresses are preferred.  Multiple instances may share the same URL if they have a distinct version.\n\nThe determination of when to create a new version of a resource (same url, new version) vs. defining a new artifact is up to the author.  Considerations for making this decision are found in [Technical and Business Versions](resource.html#versions). \n\nIn some cases, the resource can no longer be found at the stated url, but the url itself cannot change. Implementations can use the [meta.source](resource.html#meta) element to indicate where the current master source of the resource can be found.",
      "requirements" : "Allows the research element definition to be referenced by a single globally unique identifier.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.url",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "uri"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : true,
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "workflow",
        "map" : "Definition.url"
      },
      {
        "identity" : "w5",
        "map" : "FiveWs.identifier"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.identifier",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.identifier",
      "short" : "Additional identifier for the research element definition",
      "definition" : "A formal identifier that is used to identify this research element definition when it is represented in other formats, or referenced in a specification, model, design or an instance.",
      "comment" : "Typically, this is used for identifiers that can go in an HL7 V3 II (instance identifier) data type, and can then identify this research element definition outside of FHIR, where it is not possible to use the logical URI.",
      "requirements" : "Allows externally provided and/or usable business identifiers to be easily associated with the module.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "*",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.identifier",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "*"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "Identifier"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : true,
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "workflow",
        "map" : "Definition.identifier"
      },
      {
        "identity" : "w5",
        "map" : "FiveWs.identifier"
      },
      {
        "identity" : "objimpl",
        "map" : "no-gen-base"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.version",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.version",
      "short" : "Business version of the research element definition",
      "definition" : "The identifier that is used to identify this version of the research element definition when it is referenced in a specification, model, design or instance. This is an arbitrary value managed by the research element definition author and is not expected to be globally unique. For example, it might be a timestamp (e.g. yyyymmdd) if a managed version is not available. There is also no expectation that versions can be placed in a lexicographical sequence. To provide a version consistent with the Decision Support Service specification, use the format Major.Minor.Revision (e.g. 1.0.0). For more information on versioning knowledge assets, refer to the Decision Support Service specification. Note that a version is required for non-experimental active artifacts.",
      "comment" : "There may be different research element definition instances that have the same identifier but different versions.  The version can be appended to the url in a reference to allow a reference to a particular business version of the research element definition with the format [url]|[version].",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.version",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "string"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : true,
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "workflow",
        "map" : "Definition.version"
      },
      {
        "identity" : "w5",
        "map" : "FiveWs.version"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.name",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.name",
      "short" : "Name for this research element definition (computer friendly)",
      "definition" : "A natural language name identifying the research element definition. This name should be usable as an identifier for the module by machine processing applications such as code generation.",
      "comment" : "The name is not expected to be globally unique. The name should be a simple alphanumeric type name to ensure that it is machine-processing friendly.",
      "requirements" : "Support human navigation and code generation.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.name",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "string"
      }],
      "condition" : ["inv-0"],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : true
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.title",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.title",
      "short" : "Name for this research element definition (human friendly)",
      "definition" : "A short, descriptive, user-friendly title for the research element definition.",
      "comment" : "This name does not need to be machine-processing friendly and may contain punctuation, white-space, etc.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.title",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "string"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : true,
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "workflow",
        "map" : "Definition.title"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.shortTitle",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.shortTitle",
      "short" : "Title for use in informal contexts",
      "definition" : "The short title provides an alternate title for use in informal descriptive contexts where the full, formal title is not necessary.",
      "requirements" : "Need to be able to reference the content by a short description, but still provide a longer, more formal title for the content.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.shortTitle",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "string"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : true
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.subtitle",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.subtitle",
      "short" : "Subordinate title of the ResearchElementDefinition",
      "definition" : "An explanatory or alternate title for the ResearchElementDefinition giving additional information about its content.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.subtitle",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "string"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : false
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.status",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.status",
      "short" : "draft | active | retired | unknown",
      "definition" : "The status of this research element definition. Enables tracking the life-cycle of the content.",
      "comment" : "Allows filtering of research element definitions that are appropriate for use versus not.",
      "min" : 1,
      "max" : "1",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.status",
        "min" : 1,
        "max" : "1"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "code"
      }],
      "isModifier" : true,
      "isModifierReason" : "This is labeled as \"Is Modifier\" because applications should not use a retired {{title}} without due consideration",
      "isSummary" : true,
      "binding" : {
        "extension" : [{
          "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName",
          "valueString" : "PublicationStatus"
        },
        {
          "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-isCommonBinding",
          "valueBoolean" : true
        }],
        "strength" : "required",
        "description" : "The lifecycle status of an artifact.",
        "valueSet" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/publication-status"
      },
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "workflow",
        "map" : "Definition.status"
      },
      {
        "identity" : "w5",
        "map" : "FiveWs.status"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.experimental",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.experimental",
      "short" : "For testing purposes, not real usage",
      "definition" : "A Boolean value to indicate that this research element definition is authored for testing purposes (or education/evaluation/marketing) and is not intended to be used for genuine usage.",
      "comment" : "Allows filtering of research element definitions that are appropriate for use versus not.",
      "requirements" : "Enables experimental content to be developed following the same lifecycle that would be used for a production-level research element definition.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.experimental",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "boolean"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : true,
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "workflow",
        "map" : "Definition.experimental"
      },
      {
        "identity" : "w5",
        "map" : "FiveWs.class"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.subject[x]",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.subject[x]",
      "short" : "E.g. Patient, Practitioner, RelatedPerson, Organization, Location, Device",
      "definition" : "The intended subjects for the ResearchElementDefinition. If this element is not provided, a Patient subject is assumed, but the subject of the ResearchElementDefinition can be anything.",
      "comment" : "The subject of the ResearchElementDefinition is critical in interpreting the criteria definitions, as the logic in the ResearchElementDefinitions is evaluated with respect to a particular subject. This corresponds roughly to the notion of a Compartment in that it limits what content is available based on its relationship to the subject. In CQL, this corresponds to the context declaration.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.subject[x]",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "CodeableConcept"
      },
      {
        "code" : "Reference",
        "targetProfile" : ["http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Group"]
      }],
      "meaningWhenMissing" : "Patient",
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : false,
      "binding" : {
        "extension" : [{
          "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName",
          "valueString" : "SubjectType"
        }],
        "strength" : "extensible",
        "description" : "The possible types of subjects for a measure (E.g. Patient, Practitioner, Organization, Location, etc.).",
        "valueSet" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/subject-type"
      },
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "workflow",
        "map" : "Definition.subject"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.date",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.date",
      "short" : "Date last changed",
      "definition" : "The date  (and optionally time) when the research element definition was published. The date must change when the business version changes and it must change if the status code changes. In addition, it should change when the substantive content of the research element definition changes.",
      "comment" : "Note that this is not the same as the resource last-modified-date, since the resource may be a secondary representation of the research element definition. Additional specific dates may be added as extensions or be found by consulting Provenances associated with past versions of the resource.",
      "alias" : ["Revision Date"],
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.date",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "dateTime"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : true,
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "workflow",
        "map" : "Definition.date"
      },
      {
        "identity" : "w5",
        "map" : "FiveWs.recorded"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.publisher",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.publisher",
      "short" : "Name of the publisher (organization or individual)",
      "definition" : "The name of the organization or individual that published the research element definition.",
      "comment" : "Usually an organization but may be an individual. The publisher (or steward) of the research element definition is the organization or individual primarily responsible for the maintenance and upkeep of the research element definition. This is not necessarily the same individual or organization that developed and initially authored the content. The publisher is the primary point of contact for questions or issues with the research element definition. This item SHOULD be populated unless the information is available from context.",
      "requirements" : "Helps establish the \"authority/credibility\" of the research element definition.  May also allow for contact.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.publisher",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "string"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : true,
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "workflow",
        "map" : "Definition.publisher"
      },
      {
        "identity" : "w5",
        "map" : "FiveWs.witness"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.contact",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.contact",
      "short" : "Contact details for the publisher",
      "definition" : "Contact details to assist a user in finding and communicating with the publisher.",
      "comment" : "May be a web site, an email address, a telephone number, etc.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "*",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.contact",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "*"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "ContactDetail"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : true,
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "workflow",
        "map" : "Definition.contact"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.description",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.description",
      "short" : "Natural language description of the research element definition",
      "definition" : "A free text natural language description of the research element definition from a consumer's perspective.",
      "comment" : "This description can be used to capture details such as why the research element definition was built, comments about misuse, instructions for clinical use and interpretation, literature references, examples from the paper world, etc. It is not a rendering of the research element definition as conveyed in the 'text' field of the resource itself. This item SHOULD be populated unless the information is available from context (e.g. the language of the research element definition is presumed to be the predominant language in the place the research element definition was created).",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.description",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "markdown"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : true,
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "workflow",
        "map" : "Definition.description"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.comment",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.comment",
      "short" : "Used for footnotes or explanatory notes",
      "definition" : "A human-readable string to clarify or explain concepts about the resource.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "*",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.comment",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "*"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "string"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : false
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.useContext",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.useContext",
      "short" : "The context that the content is intended to support",
      "definition" : "The content was developed with a focus and intent of supporting the contexts that are listed. These contexts may be general categories (gender, age, ...) or may be references to specific programs (insurance plans, studies, ...) and may be used to assist with indexing and searching for appropriate research element definition instances.",
      "comment" : "When multiple useContexts are specified, there is no expectation that all or any of the contexts apply.",
      "requirements" : "Assist in searching for appropriate content.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "*",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.useContext",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "*"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "UsageContext"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : true,
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "workflow",
        "map" : "Definition.useContext"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.jurisdiction",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.jurisdiction",
      "short" : "Intended jurisdiction for research element definition (if applicable)",
      "definition" : "A legal or geographic region in which the research element definition is intended to be used.",
      "comment" : "It may be possible for the research element definition to be used in jurisdictions other than those for which it was originally designed or intended.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "*",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.jurisdiction",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "*"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "CodeableConcept"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : true,
      "binding" : {
        "extension" : [{
          "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName",
          "valueString" : "Jurisdiction"
        },
        {
          "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-isCommonBinding",
          "valueBoolean" : true
        }],
        "strength" : "extensible",
        "description" : "Countries and regions within which this artifact is targeted for use.",
        "valueSet" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/jurisdiction"
      },
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "workflow",
        "map" : "Definition.jurisdiction"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.purpose",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.purpose",
      "short" : "Why this research element definition is defined",
      "definition" : "Explanation of why this research element definition is needed and why it has been designed as it has.",
      "comment" : "This element does not describe the usage of the research element definition. Instead, it provides traceability of ''why'' the resource is either needed or ''why'' it is defined as it is.  This may be used to point to source materials or specifications that drove the structure of this research element definition.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.purpose",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "markdown"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : false,
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "workflow",
        "map" : "Definition.purpose"
      },
      {
        "identity" : "w5",
        "map" : "FiveWs.why[x]"
      },
      {
        "identity" : "objimpl",
        "map" : "no-gen-base"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.usage",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.usage",
      "short" : "Describes the clinical usage of the ResearchElementDefinition",
      "definition" : "A detailed description, from a clinical perspective, of how the ResearchElementDefinition is used.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.usage",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "string"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : false
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.copyright",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.copyright",
      "short" : "Use and/or publishing restrictions",
      "definition" : "A copyright statement relating to the research element definition and/or its contents. Copyright statements are generally legal restrictions on the use and publishing of the research element definition.",
      "requirements" : "Consumers must be able to determine any legal restrictions on the use of the research element definition and/or its content.",
      "alias" : ["License",
      "Restrictions"],
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.copyright",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "markdown"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : false,
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "workflow",
        "map" : "Definition.copyright"
      },
      {
        "identity" : "objimpl",
        "map" : "no-gen-base"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.approvalDate",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.approvalDate",
      "short" : "When the research element definition was approved by publisher",
      "definition" : "The date on which the resource content was approved by the publisher. Approval happens once when the content is officially approved for usage.",
      "comment" : "The 'date' element may be more recent than the approval date because of minor changes or editorial corrections.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.approvalDate",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "date"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : false,
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "workflow",
        "map" : "Definition.approvalDate"
      },
      {
        "identity" : "objimpl",
        "map" : "no-gen-base"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.lastReviewDate",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.lastReviewDate",
      "short" : "When the research element definition was last reviewed",
      "definition" : "The date on which the resource content was last reviewed. Review happens periodically after approval but does not change the original approval date.",
      "comment" : "If specified, this date follows the original approval date.",
      "requirements" : "Gives a sense of how \"current\" the content is.  Resources that have not been reviewed in a long time may have a risk of being less appropriate/relevant.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.lastReviewDate",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "date"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : false,
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "workflow",
        "map" : "Definition.lastReviewDate"
      },
      {
        "identity" : "objimpl",
        "map" : "no-gen-base"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.effectivePeriod",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.effectivePeriod",
      "short" : "When the research element definition is expected to be used",
      "definition" : "The period during which the research element definition content was or is planned to be in active use.",
      "comment" : "The effective period for a research element definition  determines when the content is applicable for usage and is independent of publication and review dates. For example, a measure intended to be used for the year 2016 might be published in 2015.",
      "requirements" : "Allows establishing a transition before a resource comes into effect and also allows for a sunsetting  process when new versions of the research element definition are or are expected to be used instead.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.effectivePeriod",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "Period"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : true,
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "workflow",
        "map" : "Definition.effectivePeriod"
      },
      {
        "identity" : "objimpl",
        "map" : "no-gen-base"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.topic",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.topic",
      "short" : "The category of the ResearchElementDefinition, such as Education, Treatment, Assessment, etc.",
      "definition" : "Descriptive topics related to the content of the ResearchElementDefinition. Topics provide a high-level categorization grouping types of ResearchElementDefinitions that can be useful for filtering and searching.",
      "requirements" : "Repositories must be able to determine how to categorize the ResearchElementDefinition so that it can be found by topical searches.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "*",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.topic",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "*"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "CodeableConcept"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : false,
      "binding" : {
        "extension" : [{
          "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName",
          "valueString" : "DefinitionTopic"
        }],
        "strength" : "example",
        "description" : "High-level categorization of the definition, used for searching, sorting, and filtering.",
        "valueSet" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/definition-topic"
      }
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.author",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.author",
      "short" : "Who authored the content",
      "definition" : "An individiual or organization primarily involved in the creation and maintenance of the content.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "*",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.author",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "*"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "ContactDetail"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : false,
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "rim",
        "map" : ".participation[typeCode=AUT]"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.editor",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.editor",
      "short" : "Who edited the content",
      "definition" : "An individual or organization primarily responsible for internal coherence of the content.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "*",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.editor",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "*"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "ContactDetail"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : false
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.reviewer",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.reviewer",
      "short" : "Who reviewed the content",
      "definition" : "An individual or organization primarily responsible for review of some aspect of the content.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "*",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.reviewer",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "*"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "ContactDetail"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : false,
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "rim",
        "map" : ".participation[typeCode=VRF] {not clear whether VRF best corresponds to reviewer or endorser}"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.endorser",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.endorser",
      "short" : "Who endorsed the content",
      "definition" : "An individual or organization responsible for officially endorsing the content for use in some setting.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "*",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.endorser",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "*"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "ContactDetail"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : false,
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "rim",
        "map" : ".participation[typeCode=VRF] {not clear whether VRF best corresponds to reviewer or endorser}"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.relatedArtifact",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.relatedArtifact",
      "short" : "Additional documentation, citations, etc.",
      "definition" : "Related artifacts such as additional documentation, justification, or bibliographic references.",
      "comment" : "Each related artifact is either an attachment, or a reference to another resource, but not both.",
      "requirements" : "ResearchElementDefinitions must be able to provide enough information for consumers of the content (and/or interventions or results produced by the content) to be able to determine and understand the justification for and evidence in support of the content.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "*",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.relatedArtifact",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "*"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "RelatedArtifact"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : false
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.library",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.library",
      "short" : "Logic used by the ResearchElementDefinition",
      "definition" : "A reference to a Library resource containing the formal logic used by the ResearchElementDefinition.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "*",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.library",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "*"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "canonical",
        "targetProfile" : ["http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Library"]
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : false
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.type",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.type",
      "short" : "population | exposure | outcome",
      "definition" : "The type of research element, a population, an exposure, or an outcome.",
      "min" : 1,
      "max" : "1",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.type",
        "min" : 1,
        "max" : "1"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "code"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : true,
      "binding" : {
        "extension" : [{
          "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName",
          "valueString" : "ResearchElementType"
        }],
        "strength" : "required",
        "description" : "The possible types of research elements (E.g. Population, Exposure, Outcome).",
        "valueSet" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/research-element-type"
      }
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.variableType",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.variableType",
      "short" : "dichotomous | continuous | descriptive",
      "definition" : "The type of the outcome (e.g. Dichotomous, Continuous, or Descriptive).",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.variableType",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "code"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : false,
      "binding" : {
        "extension" : [{
          "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName",
          "valueString" : "VariableType"
        }],
        "strength" : "required",
        "description" : "The possible types of variables for exposures or outcomes (E.g. Dichotomous, Continuous, Descriptive).",
        "valueSet" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/variable-type"
      }
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic",
      "short" : "What defines the members of the research element",
      "definition" : "A characteristic that defines the members of the research element. Multiple characteristics are applied with \"and\" semantics.",
      "comment" : "Characteristics can be defined flexibly to accommodate different use cases for membership criteria, ranging from simple codes, all the way to using an expression language to express the criteria.",
      "min" : 1,
      "max" : "*",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic",
        "min" : 1,
        "max" : "*"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "BackboneElement"
      }],
      "constraint" : [{
        "key" : "ele-1",
        "severity" : "error",
        "human" : "All FHIR elements must have a @value or children",
        "expression" : "hasValue() or (children().count() > id.count())",
        "xpath" : "@value|f:*|h:div",
        "source" : "Element"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : true
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.id",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.id",
      "representation" : ["xmlAttr"],
      "short" : "xml:id (or equivalent in JSON)",
      "definition" : "Unique id for the element within a resource (for internal references). This may be any string value that does not contain spaces.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "Element.id",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "string"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : false,
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "rim",
        "map" : "n/a"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.extension",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.extension",
      "short" : "Additional content defined by implementations",
      "definition" : "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance  applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension.",
      "comment" : "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
      "alias" : ["extensions",
      "user content"],
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "*",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "Element.extension",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "*"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "Extension"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : false,
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "rim",
        "map" : "n/a"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.modifierExtension",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.modifierExtension",
      "short" : "Extensions that cannot be ignored even if unrecognized",
      "definition" : "May be used to represent additional information that is not part of the basic definition of the element and that modifies the understanding of the element in which it is contained. Usually modifier elements provide negation or qualification. To make the use of extensions safe and manageable, there is a strict set of governance applied to the definition and use of extensions. Though any implementer can define an extension, there is a set of requirements that SHALL be met as part of the definition of the extension. Applications processing a resource are required to check for modifier extensions.\n\nModifier extensions SHALL NOT change the meaning of any elements on Resource or DomainResource (including cannot change the meaning of modifierExtension itself).",
      "comment" : "There can be no stigma associated with the use of extensions by any application, project, or standard - regardless of the institution or jurisdiction that uses or defines the extensions.  The use of extensions is what allows the FHIR specification to retain a core level of simplicity for everyone.",
      "alias" : ["extensions",
      "user content",
      "modifiers"],
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "*",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "BackboneElement.modifierExtension",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "*"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "Extension"
      }],
      "isModifier" : true,
      "isModifierReason" : "Modifier extensions are expected to modify the meaning or interpretation of the element that contains them",
      "isSummary" : true,
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "rim",
        "map" : "N/A"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.definition[x]",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.definition[x]",
      "short" : "What code or expression defines members?",
      "definition" : "Define members of the research element using Codes (such as condition, medication, or observation), Expressions ( using an expression language such as FHIRPath or CQL) or DataRequirements (such as Diabetes diagnosis onset in the last year).",
      "requirements" : "Need to be able to define members in simple codes when the membership aligns well with terminology, with common criteria such as observations in a value set or lab tests within a year, or with expression language to support criteria that do not fit in the above.",
      "min" : 1,
      "max" : "1",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.definition[x]",
        "min" : 1,
        "max" : "1"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "CodeableConcept"
      },
      {
        "code" : "canonical",
        "targetProfile" : ["http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/ValueSet"]
      },
      {
        "code" : "Expression"
      },
      {
        "code" : "DataRequirement"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : true
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.usageContext",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.usageContext",
      "short" : "What code/value pairs define members?",
      "definition" : "Use UsageContext to define the members of the population, such as Age Ranges, Genders, Settings.",
      "requirements" : "Need to be able to define members more structurally when more information can be communicated such as age range.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "*",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.usageContext",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "*"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "UsageContext"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : false
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.exclude",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.exclude",
      "short" : "Whether the characteristic includes or excludes members",
      "definition" : "When true, members with this characteristic are excluded from the element.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.exclude",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "boolean"
      }],
      "meaningWhenMissing" : "False",
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : false
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.unitOfMeasure",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.unitOfMeasure",
      "short" : "What unit is the outcome described in?",
      "definition" : "Specifies the UCUM unit for the outcome.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.unitOfMeasure",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "CodeableConcept"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : false,
      "binding" : {
        "extension" : [{
          "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName",
          "valueString" : "UCUMUnits"
        }],
        "strength" : "required",
        "description" : "Unified Code for Units of Measure (UCUM).",
        "valueSet" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/ucum-units"
      }
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.studyEffectiveDescription",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.studyEffectiveDescription",
      "short" : "What time period does the study cover",
      "definition" : "A narrative description of the time period the study covers.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.studyEffectiveDescription",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "string"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : false
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.studyEffective[x]",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.studyEffective[x]",
      "short" : "What time period does the study cover",
      "definition" : "Indicates what effective period the study covers.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.studyEffective[x]",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "dateTime"
      },
      {
        "code" : "Period"
      },
      {
        "code" : "Duration"
      },
      {
        "code" : "Timing"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : false
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.studyEffectiveTimeFromStart",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.studyEffectiveTimeFromStart",
      "short" : "Observation time from study start",
      "definition" : "Indicates duration from the study initiation.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.studyEffectiveTimeFromStart",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "Duration"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : false
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.studyEffectiveGroupMeasure",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.studyEffectiveGroupMeasure",
      "short" : "mean | median | mean-of-mean | mean-of-median | median-of-mean | median-of-median",
      "definition" : "Indicates how elements are aggregated within the study effective period.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.studyEffectiveGroupMeasure",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "code"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : false,
      "binding" : {
        "extension" : [{
          "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName",
          "valueString" : "GroupMeasure"
        }],
        "strength" : "required",
        "description" : "Possible group measure aggregates (E.g. Mean, Median).",
        "valueSet" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/group-measure"
      }
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.participantEffectiveDescription",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.participantEffectiveDescription",
      "short" : "What time period do participants cover",
      "definition" : "A narrative description of the time period the study covers.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.participantEffectiveDescription",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "string"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : false
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.participantEffective[x]",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.participantEffective[x]",
      "short" : "What time period do participants cover",
      "definition" : "Indicates what effective period the study covers.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.participantEffective[x]",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "dateTime"
      },
      {
        "code" : "Period"
      },
      {
        "code" : "Duration"
      },
      {
        "code" : "Timing"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : false
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.participantEffectiveTimeFromStart",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.participantEffectiveTimeFromStart",
      "short" : "Observation time from study start",
      "definition" : "Indicates duration from the participant's study entry.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.participantEffectiveTimeFromStart",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "Duration"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : false
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.participantEffectiveGroupMeasure",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.participantEffectiveGroupMeasure",
      "short" : "mean | median | mean-of-mean | mean-of-median | median-of-mean | median-of-median",
      "definition" : "Indicates how elements are aggregated within the study effective period.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "base" : {
        "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.participantEffectiveGroupMeasure",
        "min" : 0,
        "max" : "1"
      },
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "code"
      }],
      "isModifier" : false,
      "isSummary" : false,
      "binding" : {
        "extension" : [{
          "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName",
          "valueString" : "GroupMeasure"
        }],
        "strength" : "required",
        "description" : "Possible group measure aggregates (E.g. Mean, Median).",
        "valueSet" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/group-measure"
      }
    }]
  },
  "differential" : {
    "element" : [{
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition",
      "short" : "A population, intervention, or exposure definition",
      "definition" : "The ResearchElementDefinition resource describes a \"PICO\" element that knowledge (evidence, assertion, recommendation) is about.",
      "comment" : "PICO stands for Population (the population within which exposures are being compared), Intervention (the conditional state or exposure state being described for its effect on outcomes), Comparison (the alternative conditional state or alternative exposure state being compared against), and Outcome (the result or effect of the intervention in the population).",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "*",
      "constraint" : [{
        "key" : "red-0",
        "severity" : "warning",
        "human" : "Name should be usable as an identifier for the module by machine processing applications such as code generation",
        "expression" : "name.matches('[A-Z]([A-Za-z0-9_]){0,254}')",
        "xpath" : "not(exists(f:name/@value)) or matches(f:name/@value, '[A-Z]([A-Za-z0-9_]){0,254}')"
      }],
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "workflow",
        "map" : "Definition"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.url",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.url",
      "short" : "Canonical identifier for this research element definition, represented as a URI (globally unique)",
      "definition" : "An absolute URI that is used to identify this research element definition when it is referenced in a specification, model, design or an instance; also called its canonical identifier. This SHOULD be globally unique and SHOULD be a literal address at which at which an authoritative instance of this research element definition is (or will be) published. This URL can be the target of a canonical reference. It SHALL remain the same when the research element definition is stored on different servers.",
      "comment" : "Can be a urn:uuid: or a urn:oid: but real http: addresses are preferred.  Multiple instances may share the same URL if they have a distinct version.\n\nThe determination of when to create a new version of a resource (same url, new version) vs. defining a new artifact is up to the author.  Considerations for making this decision are found in [Technical and Business Versions](resource.html#versions). \n\nIn some cases, the resource can no longer be found at the stated url, but the url itself cannot change. Implementations can use the [meta.source](resource.html#meta) element to indicate where the current master source of the resource can be found.",
      "requirements" : "Allows the research element definition to be referenced by a single globally unique identifier.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "uri"
      }],
      "isSummary" : true,
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "workflow",
        "map" : "Definition.url"
      },
      {
        "identity" : "w5",
        "map" : "FiveWs.identifier"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.identifier",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.identifier",
      "short" : "Additional identifier for the research element definition",
      "definition" : "A formal identifier that is used to identify this research element definition when it is represented in other formats, or referenced in a specification, model, design or an instance.",
      "comment" : "Typically, this is used for identifiers that can go in an HL7 V3 II (instance identifier) data type, and can then identify this research element definition outside of FHIR, where it is not possible to use the logical URI.",
      "requirements" : "Allows externally provided and/or usable business identifiers to be easily associated with the module.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "*",
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "Identifier"
      }],
      "isSummary" : true,
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "workflow",
        "map" : "Definition.identifier"
      },
      {
        "identity" : "w5",
        "map" : "FiveWs.identifier"
      },
      {
        "identity" : "objimpl",
        "map" : "no-gen-base"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.version",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.version",
      "short" : "Business version of the research element definition",
      "definition" : "The identifier that is used to identify this version of the research element definition when it is referenced in a specification, model, design or instance. This is an arbitrary value managed by the research element definition author and is not expected to be globally unique. For example, it might be a timestamp (e.g. yyyymmdd) if a managed version is not available. There is also no expectation that versions can be placed in a lexicographical sequence. To provide a version consistent with the Decision Support Service specification, use the format Major.Minor.Revision (e.g. 1.0.0). For more information on versioning knowledge assets, refer to the Decision Support Service specification. Note that a version is required for non-experimental active artifacts.",
      "comment" : "There may be different research element definition instances that have the same identifier but different versions.  The version can be appended to the url in a reference to allow a reference to a particular business version of the research element definition with the format [url]|[version].",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "string"
      }],
      "isSummary" : true,
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "workflow",
        "map" : "Definition.version"
      },
      {
        "identity" : "w5",
        "map" : "FiveWs.version"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.name",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.name",
      "short" : "Name for this research element definition (computer friendly)",
      "definition" : "A natural language name identifying the research element definition. This name should be usable as an identifier for the module by machine processing applications such as code generation.",
      "comment" : "The name is not expected to be globally unique. The name should be a simple alphanumeric type name to ensure that it is machine-processing friendly.",
      "requirements" : "Support human navigation and code generation.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "string"
      }],
      "condition" : ["inv-0"],
      "isSummary" : true
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.title",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.title",
      "short" : "Name for this research element definition (human friendly)",
      "definition" : "A short, descriptive, user-friendly title for the research element definition.",
      "comment" : "This name does not need to be machine-processing friendly and may contain punctuation, white-space, etc.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "string"
      }],
      "isSummary" : true,
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "workflow",
        "map" : "Definition.title"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.shortTitle",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.shortTitle",
      "short" : "Title for use in informal contexts",
      "definition" : "The short title provides an alternate title for use in informal descriptive contexts where the full, formal title is not necessary.",
      "requirements" : "Need to be able to reference the content by a short description, but still provide a longer, more formal title for the content.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "string"
      }],
      "isSummary" : true
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.subtitle",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.subtitle",
      "short" : "Subordinate title of the ResearchElementDefinition",
      "definition" : "An explanatory or alternate title for the ResearchElementDefinition giving additional information about its content.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "string"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.status",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.status",
      "short" : "draft | active | retired | unknown",
      "definition" : "The status of this research element definition. Enables tracking the life-cycle of the content.",
      "comment" : "Allows filtering of research element definitions that are appropriate for use versus not.",
      "min" : 1,
      "max" : "1",
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "code"
      }],
      "isModifier" : true,
      "isModifierReason" : "This is labeled as \"Is Modifier\" because applications should not use a retired {{title}} without due consideration",
      "isSummary" : true,
      "binding" : {
        "extension" : [{
          "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName",
          "valueString" : "PublicationStatus"
        },
        {
          "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-isCommonBinding",
          "valueBoolean" : true
        }],
        "strength" : "required",
        "description" : "The lifecycle status of an artifact.",
        "valueSet" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/publication-status"
      },
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "workflow",
        "map" : "Definition.status"
      },
      {
        "identity" : "w5",
        "map" : "FiveWs.status"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.experimental",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.experimental",
      "short" : "For testing purposes, not real usage",
      "definition" : "A Boolean value to indicate that this research element definition is authored for testing purposes (or education/evaluation/marketing) and is not intended to be used for genuine usage.",
      "comment" : "Allows filtering of research element definitions that are appropriate for use versus not.",
      "requirements" : "Enables experimental content to be developed following the same lifecycle that would be used for a production-level research element definition.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "boolean"
      }],
      "isSummary" : true,
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "workflow",
        "map" : "Definition.experimental"
      },
      {
        "identity" : "w5",
        "map" : "FiveWs.class"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.subject[x]",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.subject[x]",
      "short" : "E.g. Patient, Practitioner, RelatedPerson, Organization, Location, Device",
      "definition" : "The intended subjects for the ResearchElementDefinition. If this element is not provided, a Patient subject is assumed, but the subject of the ResearchElementDefinition can be anything.",
      "comment" : "The subject of the ResearchElementDefinition is critical in interpreting the criteria definitions, as the logic in the ResearchElementDefinitions is evaluated with respect to a particular subject. This corresponds roughly to the notion of a Compartment in that it limits what content is available based on its relationship to the subject. In CQL, this corresponds to the context declaration.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "CodeableConcept"
      },
      {
        "code" : "Reference",
        "targetProfile" : ["http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Group"]
      }],
      "meaningWhenMissing" : "Patient",
      "binding" : {
        "extension" : [{
          "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName",
          "valueString" : "SubjectType"
        }],
        "strength" : "extensible",
        "description" : "The possible types of subjects for a measure (E.g. Patient, Practitioner, Organization, Location, etc.).",
        "valueSet" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/subject-type"
      },
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "workflow",
        "map" : "Definition.subject"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.date",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.date",
      "short" : "Date last changed",
      "definition" : "The date  (and optionally time) when the research element definition was published. The date must change when the business version changes and it must change if the status code changes. In addition, it should change when the substantive content of the research element definition changes.",
      "comment" : "Note that this is not the same as the resource last-modified-date, since the resource may be a secondary representation of the research element definition. Additional specific dates may be added as extensions or be found by consulting Provenances associated with past versions of the resource.",
      "alias" : ["Revision Date"],
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "dateTime"
      }],
      "isSummary" : true,
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "workflow",
        "map" : "Definition.date"
      },
      {
        "identity" : "w5",
        "map" : "FiveWs.recorded"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.publisher",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.publisher",
      "short" : "Name of the publisher (organization or individual)",
      "definition" : "The name of the organization or individual that published the research element definition.",
      "comment" : "Usually an organization but may be an individual. The publisher (or steward) of the research element definition is the organization or individual primarily responsible for the maintenance and upkeep of the research element definition. This is not necessarily the same individual or organization that developed and initially authored the content. The publisher is the primary point of contact for questions or issues with the research element definition. This item SHOULD be populated unless the information is available from context.",
      "requirements" : "Helps establish the \"authority/credibility\" of the research element definition.  May also allow for contact.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "string"
      }],
      "isSummary" : true,
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "workflow",
        "map" : "Definition.publisher"
      },
      {
        "identity" : "w5",
        "map" : "FiveWs.witness"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.contact",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.contact",
      "short" : "Contact details for the publisher",
      "definition" : "Contact details to assist a user in finding and communicating with the publisher.",
      "comment" : "May be a web site, an email address, a telephone number, etc.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "*",
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "ContactDetail"
      }],
      "isSummary" : true,
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "workflow",
        "map" : "Definition.contact"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.description",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.description",
      "short" : "Natural language description of the research element definition",
      "definition" : "A free text natural language description of the research element definition from a consumer's perspective.",
      "comment" : "This description can be used to capture details such as why the research element definition was built, comments about misuse, instructions for clinical use and interpretation, literature references, examples from the paper world, etc. It is not a rendering of the research element definition as conveyed in the 'text' field of the resource itself. This item SHOULD be populated unless the information is available from context (e.g. the language of the research element definition is presumed to be the predominant language in the place the research element definition was created).",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "markdown"
      }],
      "isSummary" : true,
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "workflow",
        "map" : "Definition.description"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.comment",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.comment",
      "short" : "Used for footnotes or explanatory notes",
      "definition" : "A human-readable string to clarify or explain concepts about the resource.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "*",
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "string"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.useContext",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.useContext",
      "short" : "The context that the content is intended to support",
      "definition" : "The content was developed with a focus and intent of supporting the contexts that are listed. These contexts may be general categories (gender, age, ...) or may be references to specific programs (insurance plans, studies, ...) and may be used to assist with indexing and searching for appropriate research element definition instances.",
      "comment" : "When multiple useContexts are specified, there is no expectation that all or any of the contexts apply.",
      "requirements" : "Assist in searching for appropriate content.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "*",
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "UsageContext"
      }],
      "isSummary" : true,
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "workflow",
        "map" : "Definition.useContext"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.jurisdiction",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.jurisdiction",
      "short" : "Intended jurisdiction for research element definition (if applicable)",
      "definition" : "A legal or geographic region in which the research element definition is intended to be used.",
      "comment" : "It may be possible for the research element definition to be used in jurisdictions other than those for which it was originally designed or intended.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "*",
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "CodeableConcept"
      }],
      "isSummary" : true,
      "binding" : {
        "extension" : [{
          "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName",
          "valueString" : "Jurisdiction"
        },
        {
          "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-isCommonBinding",
          "valueBoolean" : true
        }],
        "strength" : "extensible",
        "description" : "Countries and regions within which this artifact is targeted for use.",
        "valueSet" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/jurisdiction"
      },
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "workflow",
        "map" : "Definition.jurisdiction"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.purpose",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.purpose",
      "short" : "Why this research element definition is defined",
      "definition" : "Explanation of why this research element definition is needed and why it has been designed as it has.",
      "comment" : "This element does not describe the usage of the research element definition. Instead, it provides traceability of ''why'' the resource is either needed or ''why'' it is defined as it is.  This may be used to point to source materials or specifications that drove the structure of this research element definition.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "markdown"
      }],
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "workflow",
        "map" : "Definition.purpose"
      },
      {
        "identity" : "w5",
        "map" : "FiveWs.why[x]"
      },
      {
        "identity" : "objimpl",
        "map" : "no-gen-base"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.usage",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.usage",
      "short" : "Describes the clinical usage of the ResearchElementDefinition",
      "definition" : "A detailed description, from a clinical perspective, of how the ResearchElementDefinition is used.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "string"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.copyright",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.copyright",
      "short" : "Use and/or publishing restrictions",
      "definition" : "A copyright statement relating to the research element definition and/or its contents. Copyright statements are generally legal restrictions on the use and publishing of the research element definition.",
      "requirements" : "Consumers must be able to determine any legal restrictions on the use of the research element definition and/or its content.",
      "alias" : ["License",
      "Restrictions"],
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "markdown"
      }],
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "workflow",
        "map" : "Definition.copyright"
      },
      {
        "identity" : "objimpl",
        "map" : "no-gen-base"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.approvalDate",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.approvalDate",
      "short" : "When the research element definition was approved by publisher",
      "definition" : "The date on which the resource content was approved by the publisher. Approval happens once when the content is officially approved for usage.",
      "comment" : "The 'date' element may be more recent than the approval date because of minor changes or editorial corrections.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "date"
      }],
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "workflow",
        "map" : "Definition.approvalDate"
      },
      {
        "identity" : "objimpl",
        "map" : "no-gen-base"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.lastReviewDate",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.lastReviewDate",
      "short" : "When the research element definition was last reviewed",
      "definition" : "The date on which the resource content was last reviewed. Review happens periodically after approval but does not change the original approval date.",
      "comment" : "If specified, this date follows the original approval date.",
      "requirements" : "Gives a sense of how \"current\" the content is.  Resources that have not been reviewed in a long time may have a risk of being less appropriate/relevant.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "date"
      }],
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "workflow",
        "map" : "Definition.lastReviewDate"
      },
      {
        "identity" : "objimpl",
        "map" : "no-gen-base"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.effectivePeriod",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.effectivePeriod",
      "short" : "When the research element definition is expected to be used",
      "definition" : "The period during which the research element definition content was or is planned to be in active use.",
      "comment" : "The effective period for a research element definition  determines when the content is applicable for usage and is independent of publication and review dates. For example, a measure intended to be used for the year 2016 might be published in 2015.",
      "requirements" : "Allows establishing a transition before a resource comes into effect and also allows for a sunsetting  process when new versions of the research element definition are or are expected to be used instead.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "Period"
      }],
      "isSummary" : true,
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "workflow",
        "map" : "Definition.effectivePeriod"
      },
      {
        "identity" : "objimpl",
        "map" : "no-gen-base"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.topic",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.topic",
      "short" : "The category of the ResearchElementDefinition, such as Education, Treatment, Assessment, etc.",
      "definition" : "Descriptive topics related to the content of the ResearchElementDefinition. Topics provide a high-level categorization grouping types of ResearchElementDefinitions that can be useful for filtering and searching.",
      "requirements" : "Repositories must be able to determine how to categorize the ResearchElementDefinition so that it can be found by topical searches.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "*",
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "CodeableConcept"
      }],
      "binding" : {
        "extension" : [{
          "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName",
          "valueString" : "DefinitionTopic"
        }],
        "strength" : "example",
        "description" : "High-level categorization of the definition, used for searching, sorting, and filtering.",
        "valueSet" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/definition-topic"
      }
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.author",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.author",
      "short" : "Who authored the content",
      "definition" : "An individiual or organization primarily involved in the creation and maintenance of the content.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "*",
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "ContactDetail"
      }],
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "rim",
        "map" : ".participation[typeCode=AUT]"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.editor",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.editor",
      "short" : "Who edited the content",
      "definition" : "An individual or organization primarily responsible for internal coherence of the content.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "*",
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "ContactDetail"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.reviewer",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.reviewer",
      "short" : "Who reviewed the content",
      "definition" : "An individual or organization primarily responsible for review of some aspect of the content.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "*",
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "ContactDetail"
      }],
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "rim",
        "map" : ".participation[typeCode=VRF] {not clear whether VRF best corresponds to reviewer or endorser}"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.endorser",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.endorser",
      "short" : "Who endorsed the content",
      "definition" : "An individual or organization responsible for officially endorsing the content for use in some setting.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "*",
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "ContactDetail"
      }],
      "mapping" : [{
        "identity" : "rim",
        "map" : ".participation[typeCode=VRF] {not clear whether VRF best corresponds to reviewer or endorser}"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.relatedArtifact",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.relatedArtifact",
      "short" : "Additional documentation, citations, etc.",
      "definition" : "Related artifacts such as additional documentation, justification, or bibliographic references.",
      "comment" : "Each related artifact is either an attachment, or a reference to another resource, but not both.",
      "requirements" : "ResearchElementDefinitions must be able to provide enough information for consumers of the content (and/or interventions or results produced by the content) to be able to determine and understand the justification for and evidence in support of the content.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "*",
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "RelatedArtifact"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.library",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.library",
      "short" : "Logic used by the ResearchElementDefinition",
      "definition" : "A reference to a Library resource containing the formal logic used by the ResearchElementDefinition.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "*",
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "canonical",
        "targetProfile" : ["http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/Library"]
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.type",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.type",
      "short" : "population | exposure | outcome",
      "definition" : "The type of research element, a population, an exposure, or an outcome.",
      "min" : 1,
      "max" : "1",
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "code"
      }],
      "isSummary" : true,
      "binding" : {
        "extension" : [{
          "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName",
          "valueString" : "ResearchElementType"
        }],
        "strength" : "required",
        "description" : "The possible types of research elements (E.g. Population, Exposure, Outcome).",
        "valueSet" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/research-element-type"
      }
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.variableType",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.variableType",
      "short" : "dichotomous | continuous | descriptive",
      "definition" : "The type of the outcome (e.g. Dichotomous, Continuous, or Descriptive).",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "code"
      }],
      "binding" : {
        "extension" : [{
          "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName",
          "valueString" : "VariableType"
        }],
        "strength" : "required",
        "description" : "The possible types of variables for exposures or outcomes (E.g. Dichotomous, Continuous, Descriptive).",
        "valueSet" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/variable-type"
      }
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic",
      "short" : "What defines the members of the research element",
      "definition" : "A characteristic that defines the members of the research element. Multiple characteristics are applied with \"and\" semantics.",
      "comment" : "Characteristics can be defined flexibly to accommodate different use cases for membership criteria, ranging from simple codes, all the way to using an expression language to express the criteria.",
      "min" : 1,
      "max" : "*",
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "BackboneElement"
      }],
      "isSummary" : true
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.definition[x]",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.definition[x]",
      "short" : "What code or expression defines members?",
      "definition" : "Define members of the research element using Codes (such as condition, medication, or observation), Expressions ( using an expression language such as FHIRPath or CQL) or DataRequirements (such as Diabetes diagnosis onset in the last year).",
      "requirements" : "Need to be able to define members in simple codes when the membership aligns well with terminology, with common criteria such as observations in a value set or lab tests within a year, or with expression language to support criteria that do not fit in the above.",
      "min" : 1,
      "max" : "1",
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "CodeableConcept"
      },
      {
        "code" : "canonical",
        "targetProfile" : ["http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/ValueSet"]
      },
      {
        "code" : "Expression"
      },
      {
        "code" : "DataRequirement"
      }],
      "isSummary" : true
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.usageContext",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.usageContext",
      "short" : "What code/value pairs define members?",
      "definition" : "Use UsageContext to define the members of the population, such as Age Ranges, Genders, Settings.",
      "requirements" : "Need to be able to define members more structurally when more information can be communicated such as age range.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "*",
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "UsageContext"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.exclude",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.exclude",
      "short" : "Whether the characteristic includes or excludes members",
      "definition" : "When true, members with this characteristic are excluded from the element.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "boolean"
      }],
      "meaningWhenMissing" : "False"
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.unitOfMeasure",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.unitOfMeasure",
      "short" : "What unit is the outcome described in?",
      "definition" : "Specifies the UCUM unit for the outcome.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "CodeableConcept"
      }],
      "binding" : {
        "extension" : [{
          "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName",
          "valueString" : "UCUMUnits"
        }],
        "strength" : "required",
        "description" : "Unified Code for Units of Measure (UCUM).",
        "valueSet" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/ucum-units"
      }
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.studyEffectiveDescription",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.studyEffectiveDescription",
      "short" : "What time period does the study cover",
      "definition" : "A narrative description of the time period the study covers.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "string"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.studyEffective[x]",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.studyEffective[x]",
      "short" : "What time period does the study cover",
      "definition" : "Indicates what effective period the study covers.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "dateTime"
      },
      {
        "code" : "Period"
      },
      {
        "code" : "Duration"
      },
      {
        "code" : "Timing"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.studyEffectiveTimeFromStart",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.studyEffectiveTimeFromStart",
      "short" : "Observation time from study start",
      "definition" : "Indicates duration from the study initiation.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "Duration"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.studyEffectiveGroupMeasure",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.studyEffectiveGroupMeasure",
      "short" : "mean | median | mean-of-mean | mean-of-median | median-of-mean | median-of-median",
      "definition" : "Indicates how elements are aggregated within the study effective period.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "code"
      }],
      "binding" : {
        "extension" : [{
          "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName",
          "valueString" : "GroupMeasure"
        }],
        "strength" : "required",
        "description" : "Possible group measure aggregates (E.g. Mean, Median).",
        "valueSet" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/group-measure"
      }
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.participantEffectiveDescription",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.participantEffectiveDescription",
      "short" : "What time period do participants cover",
      "definition" : "A narrative description of the time period the study covers.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "string"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.participantEffective[x]",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.participantEffective[x]",
      "short" : "What time period do participants cover",
      "definition" : "Indicates what effective period the study covers.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "dateTime"
      },
      {
        "code" : "Period"
      },
      {
        "code" : "Duration"
      },
      {
        "code" : "Timing"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.participantEffectiveTimeFromStart",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.participantEffectiveTimeFromStart",
      "short" : "Observation time from study start",
      "definition" : "Indicates duration from the participant's study entry.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "Duration"
      }]
    },
    {
      "id" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.participantEffectiveGroupMeasure",
      "path" : "ResearchElementDefinition.characteristic.participantEffectiveGroupMeasure",
      "short" : "mean | median | mean-of-mean | mean-of-median | median-of-mean | median-of-median",
      "definition" : "Indicates how elements are aggregated within the study effective period.",
      "min" : 0,
      "max" : "1",
      "type" : [{
        "code" : "code"
      }],
      "binding" : {
        "extension" : [{
          "url" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/StructureDefinition/elementdefinition-bindingName",
          "valueString" : "GroupMeasure"
        }],
        "strength" : "required",
        "description" : "Possible group measure aggregates (E.g. Mean, Median).",
        "valueSet" : "http://hl7.org/fhir/ValueSet/group-measure"
      }
    }]
  }
}

Примечание к использованию: мы очень стараемся приводить корректные и полезные примеры, но нормативно они не являются частью спецификации.